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Public Health

Guide to selected resources in Public Health.


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The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. It aims to provide you with examples of some of the phraseological ‘nuts and bolts’ of writing organized according to the main sections of a research paper or dissertation:

  • Introducing work - e.g Evidence suggests that X is among the most important factors for …
  • Referring to sources - e.g. A number of authors have considered the effects of … (Smith, 2003; Jones, 2004).
  • Describing methods - e.g. Different methods have been proposed to classify … (Johnson, 2021; Petersen, 2019; Appel, 2017).
  • Reporting results - e.g. Interestingly, the X was observed to …
  • Discussing findings - e.g. A strong relationship between X and Y has been reported in the literature.
  • Writing conclusions - e.g. One of the more significant findings to emerge from this study is that …

Additional examples from Academic Phrasebank are below:

Smith (2021)






only slight



differences between X and Y.

Before explaining these theories, it is necessary to …

In a similar case in America, Smith (2021) identified …

This is exemplified in the work undertaken by Smith (2021) ...

Recent cases reported by Smith et al. (2021) also support the hypothesis that …

This section has reviewed the three key aspects of …

In summary, it has been shown from this review that …