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Public Health

Guide to selected resources in Public Health.

Literature Review

What exactly is a Literature Review?

A literature review describes, summarizes and analyzes previously published literature in a field. What you want to do is demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of what the "conversation" about this topic is, identify gaps in the literature, present research pertinent to your ideas and how your research fits in with, changes, elaborates on, etc., the present conversation.

BOOKS - Literature Review and how to write it

BOOKS - Research Methods

Research Methods at a Glance

This information on basic business research methods is in part adapted from the book Field Guide to Nonprofit Program Design, Marketing and Evaluation by Carter McNamara (Call number: HD62.6 .M36). 

Research Methods in General

Research Methods in Public Health

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Logo reading Academic Phrasebank from the University of Manchester

The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. It aims to provide you with examples of some of the phraseological ‘nuts and bolts’ of writing organized according to the main sections of a research paper or dissertation:

  • Introducing work - e.g Evidence suggests that X is among the most important factors for …
  • Referring to sources - e.g. A number of authors have considered the effects of … (Smith, 2003; Jones, 2004).
  • Describing methods - e.g. Different methods have been proposed to classify … (Johnson, 2021; Petersen, 2019; Appel, 2017).
  • Reporting results - e.g. Interestingly, the X was observed to …
  • Discussing findings - e.g. A strong relationship between X and Y has been reported in the literature.
  • Writing conclusions - e.g. One of the more significant findings to emerge from this study is that …

Additional examples from Academic Phrasebank are below:

Smith (2021)






only slight



differences between X and Y.

Before explaining these theories, it is necessary to …

In a similar case in America, Smith (2021) identified …

This is exemplified in the work undertaken by Smith (2021) ...

Recent cases reported by Smith et al. (2021) also support the hypothesis that …

This section has reviewed the three key aspects of …

In summary, it has been shown from this review that …