The bulk of student activism related to racial justice on UMD's campus began in the late 1960s. As the African American student community on campus grew, the Black Student Union (BSU) was formed in 1968, which provided a way for Black students to organize and advocate for racial justice at the university. That same year, the BSU led a protest on the steps of the Home Economics building in response to racial discrimination in a nutrition study as well as racial violence that had occurred on campus earlier in the year. In the years since, students have continued to organize in defense of racial justice, garnering media coverage in student newspapers and beyond as they fought on behalf of many causes, including: a lack of diversity in the student body, faculty, administration, and educational course catalog; the divestment of UMD funds from companies doing business in South Africa during Apartheid; the ruling that the Banneker scholarship in support of Black college students was unconstitutional; the renaming of Byrd Stadium on campus due to Byrd's storied history as a segregationist; the support of undocumented students amid political controversy over the DREAM Act; an ongoing history of hate crimes on campus; and police brutality across the nation as well as on campus and in P.G. County, most recently with the mobilization of Black Terps Matter, a campus initiative working in the vein of the larger Black Lives Matter movement. In 2016, a coalition named ProtectUMD petitioned the University in support of marginalized, Native American and Indigenous, Black, Latinx, LGBTQ+, Muslim, Pro-Palestine, and Undocumented students. The group utilized hashtags such as #ProtectUMD and #ADifferentUMD to organize, communicate, and share stories of underrepresented experiences on campus.