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Agriculture in Maryland: Resources in Special Collections

This guide will recommend rich primary and secondary sources useful to scholars who wish to explore this history in more detail and navigate the rich resources available to study the history of agriculture in Maryland, from early farming activities, to th

U.S. Census of Agriculture - Maryland Schedules

In 1820, the U.S. Census began including more detailed information on agriculture. The manuscript Agricultural and Manufacturing census (title varies) for Maryland is available using the Internet Archive (and on microfilm for 1820-1880 in the Maryland Room in Hornbake Library.)  The term "manufacturing" often included production of materials typically associated with farming including: sugar, textiles, whiskey, and flour. This census lists farms by owners name and includes information on the value of the farm, acreage, farming machinery, crops and livestock production, etc.  See below for direct links to various sections of each census.

Census reports have varied widely over the years. Other Agricultural and Manufacturing Census reports for various years that are available in print or on microfilm in the Maryland Room in Hornbake Library are listed on this page. Many of these reports may also be available online at the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Census of Agriculture Web page.

Agriculture Census Publications 1840-1880


Agriculture Census Publications 1900-1925


Agriculture Census Publications 1930-1935


Agriculture Census Publications 1940-1954


Agriculture Census Publications 1964-1978


Agriculture Census Publications 1982-present