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ENSP 102: Introduction to Environmental Policy

course guide for ensp 102

CRS Citation - APA

In text (recommended format):

(Congressional Research Service, 2011)

Reference list (recommended format):

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of report in sentence case and italics (CRS Report No. xxxxxxx). Retrieved from: URL


Erwin, M. C. (2011). Intelligence issues for Congress (CRS Report No. RL33539). Retrieved from :



Hutchison, K. (2017). How do I cite a Congressional Research Services report in APA? Retrieved from:

Lee, C. (2018). How to Cite a Government Report in APA Style. Retrieved from:

CRS Reports

CRS Reports are produced by the Congressional Research Service, the public policy research arm of Congress and are heavily researched and written by experts in the field on legislative issues. CRS Reports are available fulltext from 1916 to the present.
From the Congressional Research Service homepage:

Congressional Research Service Report Cover


The Congressional Research Service (CRS) serves as shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress. CRS experts assist at every stage of the legislative process — from the early considerations that precede bill drafting, through committee hearings and floor debate, to the oversight of enacted laws and various agency activities.

CRS approaches complex topics from a variety of perspectives and examines all sides of an issue. Staff members analyze current policies and present the impact of proposed policy alternatives.

CRS services come in many forms:

  • reports on major policy issues
  • tailored confidential memoranda, briefings and consultations
  • seminars and workshops
  • expert congressional testimony
  • responses to individual inquiries

Note: there might not be a CRS report for every topic - but do try and see if there is!

Follow these steps:

1. Document Types
Either keep Select All, or deselect and choose CRS Reports. You can also add Topic Pages.
(If you keep Select All, you will have the opportunity to limit document type within results)

2. Keep the search field to: All fields except full text
if searching on the name of a law use the Title search

3. Enter Search Terms = keywords. Some examples: 
"cap and trade"
"hydraulic fracturing" 
"water rights" and drought*

(cafo* or "concentrated animal feed operation*) and EPA
biofuel* and ethanol
"renewable energy" and biofuels


Congresional Publications CRS Reports Cap and Trade

Results, notice you can change the display from relevance to sort by date (most recent first)


Congressional Publications CRS Repoerts Cap and Trade results