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Global Communities

In this guide, you will find resources tailored for the Global Communities Living and Learning Program

Databases to Begin Your Search

Just starting your search? Not sure where to begin? Try some of the databases below to start!

Citation Chaining and Cited Reference Searching: What came before and after?

Citation Chaining: The Before

Citations are important for many reasons, but they can also act as a treasure map for you when you do your own research. The process of looking through bibliographies and work cited pages for more resources is called Citation Chaining. Look through the citations for an article you've found and see if there are any new articles you'd like to find to learn more or use. This is one of the easiest quickest and easiest ways to find older articles about your topic. 

Cited Reference Searching: The After

To find articles that build on previous research, you can do Cited Reference Searching, which will show you newer articles that cite resources you may have found, but are too old for you to use. Resources that can help you find newer articles on your topic are:

Search Modifiers

Ever searched Google for something and none of the results were what you were looking for? Databases and search engines sometimes need a little help figuring out what you mean when you perform a search. Using search modifiers can help you get the most relevant results as possible.

Below are some modifiers that can help you improve your search results:

Modifier Use it when... Example
Quotes ("_") You're searching for an exact phrase "global warming"
AND You need results with both or all terms women AND hypertension
OR You have similar terms you're searching for student debt OR student loans
NOT You don't want a term included in your results endangered NOT birds
Truncation (*) You want to include terms that all have the same word root pollut* (will return results for pollution, pollutant, pollutants, etc.)

Note: when you use AND, OR, and NOT, make sure you capitalize these modifiers. Otherwise they won't work.

Sometimes a database will have you enter your terms into separate boxes and select the search modifiers from drop-down menues. These work the same way as if you had typed the modifiers into the search box.