In early January 2008, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced a revision to its Public Access Policy that ensures that published results of NIH-funded research are publicly available.
Effective April 7, 2008, all peer-reviewed articles arising from NIH funds must be submitted to PubMed Central within 12 months of publication.
In early 2013, NIH issued a notice stating that for non-competing continuation grant awards with a start date of July 1, 2013 or beyond, NIH will delay processing of an award if publications arising from it are not in compliance with the Policy. The award will not be processed until recipients have demonstrated compliance.
The Policy applies to any manuscript that:
1. Address copyright. Before signing an author agreement or copyright transfer agreement, verify that it allows the paper to be submitted to PubMed Central in accordance with the public access policy. See the Author Rights libguide for information on how to retain your copyright.
2. Submit paper to NIH. There are four options for submitting your paper to PubMed Central.
3. Include PMCID in citations. Include the PubMed Central ID (PMCID) in any applications, proposals, or reports you submit to NIH. Note that the PMID (PubMed ID) is not the same as the PMCID.