JPRS is a government organization established in March of 1957 to supply government agencies with translations of unclassified foreign documents consisting of the following works not available in English:
- periodical and newspaper articles
- scholarly journals
- trade and commercial statistics reports
- military documents and special reports
- other selective source material
The translations are prepared by linguists and researchers. The documents, selected by area specialists, are considered to be important source material for research in the social sciences, science, technology, political science, economics, and international relations.