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African American Studies

Reference Sources at University of Maryland

Reference sources are a great way to start your research. They will help you define key terms, identify important themes and individuals in the field, and find keywords for further searching in catalogs and databases. Reference sources also include bibliographies that will help you identify important primary and secondary works in your subject area. Select one of the reference source types below to get started.

Two recommended places to start your research are Gale Virtual Reference and Credo (see box and link below).

References sources of UMCP can be either in print or electronic.  In the area of education, the print Reference Stacks are usually located on the first floor of McKeldin Library; unless the catalog record gives a different location.

UMCP Online Resource is available to UMCP faculty, staff and students only.


Credo Reference: Basic Search Box with descriptive text

Credo Logo

Credo is an easy-to-use tool for starting research. Use this box to search hundreds of full-text reference titles, as well as 500,000+ images and audio files and over 1,000 videos.

General Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Shown above is Credo (search from this guide), and below is a link to Gale (click on the logo). Both are reference search engines.

Below is a selection of general reference sources. If the title is blue, you can click on the link to view the item online. Some items require a UMD Directory ID to access. Otherwise, go to the holding library to use a paper copy.