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Learning Outcomes

ABCD Method: An Introduction

Learning Outcome Statements can be written using the ABCD (audience, behavior, condition, and degree) method. While the method is often directed at learning objectives, it can also be used to write learning outcomes. 

  • A(udience) Who is the target audience? (e.g., "ENGL397 students will be able to...")
  • B(ehavior) What is the work to be accomplished by the learner? (e.g., "distinguish")
    • Should be both observable and measurable behaviors
    • Should refer to action verbs that describe behaviors 
  • C(ondition) What are the conditions/constraints in which the learners will be expected to perform these tasks? (e.g., "At the end of the session")
  • D(egree) How will the behavior need to be performed (e.g., "between primary and secondary sources")

Learning Outcome: "At the end of the session, ENGL397 students will be able to distinguish between primary and secondary sources"