Use this activity to help narrow a broad topic idea to a focused research question.
Let's say that our research topic is Climate Change.
Hint: Write down anything and everything you can think of that has to do with your broad topic. Use terms from this quadrant to identify sub-topics and keywords for your search.
Melting ice caps
Rising sea levels
Hint: Stakeholders do not have to be individual people. They can be corporations, groups, communities, entities. Think outside the box!
Hint: This is the meat of your paper. Try and think of specific ways the topics identified in "What?" impact your stakeholders identified in "Who?"
Governments choose (or not) to set policies regulating environmental impact
Coastal communities rely on fishing and tourism for economic prosperity. Ocean acidification and rising sea levels could negatively impact these communities
Scientists raise awareness of global warming through their research
Hint: This is your hook. Why does this make a good ENGL 101 topic?
Climate change is a universal issue - it will impact everyone eventually
We will have to support coastal communities
When scientists presenting research are dismissed or people do not believe them, it makes it difficult to take action
Here we have taken a the broad topic of climate change and broken it down into several different potential papers.
For example, a paper on the economic impact of ocean acidification on coastal fishing communities is a very different paper than researching the political impact of policy makers and pro-environmental legislation or public perception of scientific research about global warming.
All three of these potential topics are still about the broad topic of climate change, but here we have identified more narrow lines of inquiry that would make excellent ENGL 101 topics.