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The Bible, Literature and Literary Criticism

his guide points to resources which treat the Bible as literature.

Some helpful points

Although the literary critic tends to focus on a text-centered approach, the scholar approaching the Bible often finds the need to examine the text in relation to the author, the world, and the reader. The following sections are intended to open up resources in these directions.

The World of the Author: The Bible, Creativity, and Inspiration

The questions involving inspiration of the authors of the Bible are connected to questions of poetic inspiration, and theories of poetic mania or madness, going back to Plato. Novalis: "The poet is literally out of his senses - in exchange, all comes about within him. He is, to the letter, subject and object at the same time, soul and universe." Cited in Creative Intuition in Art and Poetry, by Jacques Maritain (New York: Meridian Books), p.61.

Search under BIBLE INSPIRATION, INSPIRATION IN LITERATURE, CREATIVITY LITERARY ARTISTIC, or browse under call numbers: BS480, PR508.I.

The World in Itself: The Truth-Claims of the Bible and the Truth of Literature and the Classics

In addition to general works on criticism and hermeneutics, search under BIBLE EVIDENCES, AUTHORITY (browse call numbers: BS480), CANON (LITERATURE).

The Bible and the Reader

Search under BOOKS AND READING, READER-RESPONSE CRITICISM, BIBLE USE IN HYMNS, BIBLE ILLUSTRATIONS, PICTURE BIBLES, BIBLE HOMILETICAL USE.