Skip to main content

Spanish & Portuguese Literatures

This is a guide to important print and electronic resources in the field of Spanish and Portuguese Literatures.


Subject Headings for Literature fall into several categories, offering many ways to search for information on an author, work, genre, or time period:

  1. Individual Literary Authors
  2. [Name or Topic] in Literature
  3. Literatures by Region/Genre
  4. Authors by Nationality
  5. Miscellaneous Subject Headings

1. Individual Literary Authors

For works on an individual author, search by Last Name, First Name, year of birth-year of death:

  • Garcia Marquez, Gabriel, 1928-
  • Neruda, Pablo 1904-1973
  • Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986

These headings can be followed by various sub-divisions, for example:

   Bibliography         Criticism & Interpretation       Knowledge         
   Biography Encyclopedias Language
   Characters Exhibitions Literary and Social Views
   Chronology Indexes Knowledge
   Concordances Influence Sources
   Correspondence          Interviews Translations

Many of these headings can be sub-divided even further.  For example, Knowledge can be used to describe the author's knowledge of a variety of topics:

  • Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986 -- Knowledge -- Literature
  • Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986 -- Knowledge -- Mathematics
  • Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986 -- Knowledge -- Metaphysics
  • Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986 -- Knowledge -- Mysticism

2. [Name or Topic] in Literature

Append the phrase "In Literature" to names of people or to almost any topic:


  • Cortés, Hernán, 1485-1547 -- in Literature
  • Gauchos -- In Literature
  • Hispanic Americans -- Literature
  • Marina, ca. 1505-ca. 1530 -- In literature


      Argentina in literature Melancholy in literature     Slavery in literature
      Food in literature  Memory in literature  Social problems in literature
      Group identity in literature    Naturalism in literature  Technology in literature
      Immigrants in literature Philosophy in literature War in literature
      Latin America in literature Politics in literature Women in literature

3. Literatures, by Region or Genre

Search for works on literatures or specific genres by country:

  • Argentine fiction
  • Caribbean literature
  • Spanish literature
  • Mexican poetry

These headings can be sub-divided by format, time period, or topic, for example:

  • Colombian Literature -- 19th Century -- History and Criticism
  • Chilean Literature -- 20th Century -- Social Aspects
  • Colombian Literature -- 19th Century -- History and Criticism
  • Peruvian Literature -- Indian Authors -- History and Criticism
  • Spanish Literature -- Classical Period, 1500-1700 -- Italian Influences

4. Authors, by Nationality

Works on authors can be found by searching Authors, [Nationality]:
  • Authors, Bolivian
  • Authors, Brazilian

You can also look for certain types of authors by nationality:

  • Dramatists, Brazilian
  • Novelists, Brazilian
  • Poets, Nicaraguan
  • Women Authors, Carribean
  • Authors, Venezuela
These headings can be sub-divided by format, time period, or topic, for example:
  • Dramatists, Brazilian -- 20th Century -- Biography
  • Novelists, Brazilian - Correspondence
  • Poets, Nicaraguan -- 20th Century
  • Women Authors, Caribbean -- Biography
  • Authors, Venezuelan -- 20th Century -- Interviews

5. Miscellaneous Subject Headings

You may find Subject Headings for literary or critical movements. Sometimes these will be followed by a literature-related word in parentheses to distinguish, for example, Modernism in literature from Modernism in aesthetics, art, Christian theology, music, etc.

  • Ecocriticism
  • Modernism (Literature)
  • Romanticism

Or try subject headings for the relationships between literature and other subjects:

  • Politics and literature
  • Literature and history
  • Religion and literature
  • Gay Men's Writing

These headings can be sub-divided by country or geographical region, format, time period, or topic, for example:

  • Modernism (Literature) -- Brazil
  • Politics and Literature -- Argentina -- History -- 20th Century
  • Religion and literature -- Spain -- Bibliography
  • Gay Men's Writing - Cuban -- History and Criticism