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JOUR200 - Journalism History, Roles and Structures

Guide to Library research and resources to support Journalism 200.

Librarian for Journalism & Communication Studies

Chuck Howell
Contact:
5101 D McKeldin Library
301-314-0401

Search Strategy Worksheet

Use this worksheet to help identify terms and create a search strategy to use with databases and when searching the Internet:

Research Overview

Welcome! This is a step-by-step guide designed to help you do university level academic research using library resources.

Begin by:

  1. Finding a topic
  2. Creating a search strategy -- identifying keywords and brainstorming for synonyms
  3. Determining how many sources you need and what type (e.g., academic or popular)
  4. Using WorldCat UM to find books, DVDs, government documents etc.
  5. Using Database Finder to access databases for articles from magazines, newspapers and journals
  6. Being sure to cite your sources

Finding A Topic

If you are having a difficult time selecting a topic for your project, try these resources for ideas:

Creating a Search Strategy

The first step is to identify the main concepts in your research question.  Next, brainstorm for synonyms and related words.  For example, you could use Terrapins but someone else might use the term Terps; in order to find all of the relevant results you will have to use both terms.

Boolean operators are used to connect keywords in a way that all search engines understand. The most commonly used ones are: AND and OR.

Boolean Operators Visual Aid

Example: Maryland AND (Terps OR Terrapins)Be careful when combining AND and OR in the same search sentence as the search engine may not interpret your search the way you intend because of the order of operations (like in math class). Use parentheses to keep ORs together. 

You may also choose to limit your search results by excluding certain terms. To do this, use NOT. For example, if you want articles about a certain journalist's career but not editorials about them, you could search:

(Cronkite AND career) NOT editorials. 

Use the NOT connector sparingly, as you may eliminate some articles or information that could be useful. This connector can, however, be a helpful tool if you have a large number of items in your results list and you want to refine your search.

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